Monday, November 12, 2012

Crunchy Mithai / Kurma

As described in the photo, these little fried pieces of dough certainly have a crunchy texture that keeps you wanting more.  Sort of like potato chips; one is just never enough.  What the photo doesn't describe though, is the flavor that's packed into each slender stick.  Grated coconut, anise seeds, cinnamon, and ginger are all the main ingredients that unite to form this perfect union. The bold flavors from these ingredients form a perfect balance of tasty and crunchy when combined in the right measurements. 

There are two types of mithai known to Guyanese.  The first one is soft on the inside and crisp on the outside.  Check out my grandmother's recipe for the soft type here. The second is this one, thin and crunchy all the way through.  Crunchy mithai/kurma is made by mixing all the ingredients and forming into a dough ball.  It is rolled thinly, then cut into strips, shallow-fried, then coated in a delicious sugar syrup. Yes, it is as divine as it sounds. 

My parents used to tell me childhood stories of growing up in Guyana and buying this treat after school from a local street vendor, they mostly bought the crunchy type, which is also known as lactoe, but I haven't heard many people call it this name anymore.  In the U.S. it is also sold in little bags, just not from a street vendor :).  It can be found at local West Indian stores and bakeries.  I would typically buy a bag or two if I happened to be at a West Indian bakery, but I usually enjoyed these fresh, after my mom was done frying them at home.  She usually made them for Diwali or other Hindu religious functions to be shared with family and friends.  For Diwali, she would package them in little bags alongside a serving of parsad, peera, goja (little pastries filled with shredded coconut), and gulgula (a sweet banana fritter).  Mithai of both types are also quite popular during Hindu weddings. It is easy to make and yields quite an amount from a single batch of dough, which makes it great for sharing with large crowds. 

I hope you enjoy my mom's recipe, I guarantee you won't be able to eat just one! 

The crunchy type of mithai is known to Trinidadians as "kurma."  The ingredients are usually the same, but may differ in measurements from time to time. 

Measure 1 1/2 tsp anise seeds, 1/2 tsp freshly grated ginger, and 1/2 tsp cinnamon. 

You'll need 1/4 cup white granulated sugar, 3 tbsp butter, 1/3 cup grated coconut (squeezed and drained), and 3 cups all-purpose flour. 

Measure 3/4 cup evaporated milk and then add 1/4 cup water.  1 cup liquid in total.  Add grated ginger to liquid to ensure it is equally distributed in the dough.  Set aside. 

Mix all the dry ingredients. 

Add butter and cut into flour until small pea sizes form.  I used a pastry cutter, but you can use your hand or a fork to work it into the four.  Add liquid and knead into a ball.  Add more flour if needed to bring the dough together. Wrap in plastic wrap and let it rest for 1/2 hour maximum in refrigerator. 

Cut dough in half and roll to 1/4 inch thickness. 

Cut into thin strips.  The thinner, the crunchier it will be.  Shoot for a little wider than the diameter of a pencil.  Use a dough cutter or very sharp knife.  If you notice the dough is sticking to the knife while you cut, just dip the knife in flour between cuts. 

Heat oil to medium fire. Drop strips one at a time in oil.  Mithai will first sink to the bottom then float.  If it floats immediately, then the oil is too hot.  

Fry until golden brown. 

And now for the hardest part; the sugar syrup or "paag."  Combine 1 cup white granulated sugar with 1/2 cup water.  If using a candy thermometer, let mixture boil until it reaches the "soft ball" stage. 

If you do not have a candy thermometer, then we will have to use the "soft ball in water test."  Let mixture boil on low for about 35 minutes, or longer depending on your stove, this is why doing the sugar test is also important.  To test if sugar is ready, drop a little into a glass of water, if the sugar does not dissolve but keeps a round shape, then it is ready.  

If you let the mixture boil a little too long and notice that a thread forms when you do the water test, don't worry, you can still use the sugar syrup.  All it means is that the sugar will dry faster when tossing it with the mithai.  It will also be little bit chunky and coat the mithai heavier.  This is called the "hard ball" stage.

After sugar is done, toss repeatedly, making sure to not break the mithai strips.  Use a pot spoon to toss mithai.  You'll begin to see the sugar drying on the strips, keep turning until sugar is dry and becomes powdery white. 

Like this :)

Crunchy Mithai / Kurma


  • 3 cups flour
  • 1/3 cup freshly grated coconut, (squeezed to drain milk)
  • 1/4 cup white granulated sugar
  • 3 tbsp butter
  • 1/2 tsp freshly grated ginger
  • 1/2 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1 1/2 tsp anise seeds (optional)
  • 3/4 cup evaporated milk
  • 1/4 cup water
  • Vegetable or canola oil for frying
Sugar Syrup
  • 1 cup white granulated sugar
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1/2 tsp vanilla extract (optional)

  1. Mix flour, coconut, sugar, and spices in a deep bowl.  Cut butter into mixture until small pea sizes are formed.  
  2. Combine evaporated milk, water, and grated ginger, stir, then add to flour mixture.  Knead to form a dough ball.  Set aside for 1/2 hour minimum. 
  3. Roll dough to 1/4 inch thickness. Cut into thin strips. The thinner you cut, the crunchier it will be after frying. 
  4. Heat oil on medium fire. Fry strips until golden brown.  Let strips cool completely before tossing in sugar syrup. 
  5. Combine sugar, water, and vanilla, if using.  Boil on low for about 35 minutes, or longer depending on your stove.  Test sugar in water to see if it has reached the "soft ball" stage.  
  6. When sugar is ready, pour over mithai strips and toss until sugar is no longer clear and has become white. 

Tips and additional notes:
  • Freshly grated coconut can be found in the freezer section of ethnic grocery stores these days.  I have used the Birds Eye brand numerous times and it works perfectly. This is what it looks like.  I have found other brands at local Indo-pak stores as well. 
  • 1 tsp Bird's custard powder can be added to the dough mixture for added flavor. 
  • Flatten dough with hands first before rolling. 
  • When cutting dough, if dough sticks to the knife, dip knife in flour in between cuts. 
  • If you feel more comfortable using a thermometer, this is the one that I have, it was pretty cheap and is reliable.
  • I advise that you start cooking the sugar syrup half way through frying the mithai strips.  I prefer doing this because once the sugar is done it will need to be poured right away, so the mithai will need to be ready and cooled.  If the mithai strips are still hot, you'll risk breaking them while tossing in the sugar.
  • When heating the oil, you'll want a medium fire.  The Mithai will first sink to the bottom then float.  If strips float immediately upon dropping into the oil, that means the oil is too hot.  Your mithai will be soft on the inside and not crunchy enough. 


  1. Thanks for your excellent illustration of hard ball/soft ball re: sugar syrup.

    Will inbox you about the possibility of using those images (with full credit of course) in my upcoming book.

  2. looks great - definitely will make some this weekend - my sons love the crunchy methai - thanks for the recipe

  3. Just discovered your blog and am salivating. Can't wait to try some of your recipes.

  4. Thank you for a true Guyanese recipe! Your blog is wonderful, can't wait to read more.

  5. Thank you for a true Guyanese receipe! Do you have one for peera?
    Your blog is wonderful! Can't wait to read more.

  6. Wll the butter not make the kurma soft and not crunchy? I have made these numerous times with butter but they end up being soft on the inside. I am looking for more of a flaky or layered effect on the inside.


    1. Hi Anne,

      Try cutting the strips thinner and frying a little bit longer until its slightly dark brown. My recipe calls for 3tbsp butter for 3 cups flour, try it with only 2 tbsp. Let me know if you have any other questions.

  7. What a great recipe! Thanks! Do you by any chance have a recipe for goja?

    1. Hi Cindy,

      Thanks! I dont have the recipe posted on the blog, but if you look on my facebook page (icon in the upper right) there is a photo I took of some Goja I made for Diwali, I listed the recipe under the photo. Let me know if you have any trouble.


  8. Thanks reminds me of Grandma's recipe

  9. It came out surprisingly well. I am impressed with the first try. I did not use a knife to cut, I used a pizza cutter and a steel measuring ruler used to direct even cutting.

  10. This mithai is the best flavour. I tried it and was a bit chewy so I changed to shortening and it came out amazing well. thank you