Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Coconut Choka


Fire-roasted coconut that has been ground into a fine texture, seasoned with lots of onion, garlic, and hot pepper, served over dhal and rice, then eaten with your bare hands, is a meal you just can't buy at a roti shop.  It's rustic and earthy and just makes me feel like I'm home.  Mom would make this only on the weekends, most times for Saturday afternoon lunch.  After I ate a plate of dhal, rice, and coconut choka, all I ever wanted to do was sit on the couch and watch a good movie. I guess that's what makes comfort food, comfort food right? 

So what is choka?
Choka describes the manner in which a dish is prepared.  A vegetable, such as eggplant, or fish is typically what is used in making a choka.  The method most times begins with fire-roasting then grinding, flaking, or mashing.  Oil, raw onions, garlic, and hot pepper along with other spices of choice are added afterwards for flavor.  The result whether it is a fish or vegetable type choka, is a smokey and flavorful dish.  Read on to learn more about choka and its various forms. 

The traditional way of making coconut choka
Although my recipe takes a slight deviation from the conventional way of making coconut choka, I thought you'd like to know how it is traditionally done.  A dehusked coconut is cracked open and removed from its shell.  It's chopped into large pieces then roasted over an open fire.  The roasted coconut is scraped to remove the burnt layer, then grated.  Finally, the grated coconut along with additional ingredients are hand-ground into a fine texture using a lorha and sil.  

A lorha and sil is the vessel that is traditionally used to make coconut choka.  It is comprised of two separate entities that rely on each other to get the job done, very much like a mortar and pestle.  A sil is a thick slab of brick made from a particular type of stone (granite, sandstone, or limestone); the lorha is the smaller hand-held brick that is used to do the grinding.  This brick is also known to many as a masala brick since it is widely used to grind spice mixtures such as garam masala.  After a continuous back and forth motion, and some pressure, the grated coconut turns into a fine paste-like texture which, believe it or not, is part of what makes this type of choka so unique and desirable.  It certainly takes some time, but the result is worth the effort.


Here's a photo of a lorha and sil being used to grind coconut choka. 
This image is copyright protected by Cynthia Nelson
These days, a lorha and sil is so hard to come by.  If someone in your family owns one of these, it was probably brought back from Guyana.  My mom has been trying to bring one for so long now, but it just never works out.    Our suitcases always end up being over its weight limit because, well, it's a huge slab of brick!  And we usually have other packages of homemade condiments that take priority.  My father understood why we wanted to bring one back to NY, but always thought we were out of our minds.  He would make some sarcastic comment like, "Home Depot does sells so much cheap cheap brick, and you want to bring back brick from Guyana?" We haven't been able to find any good ones in Queens, NY either.  I've heard many horror stories of the sils available here being made out of a type of brick that ends up grinding itself away with the food you are grinding.  Can you imagine having brick in your food? Blah! 

So my mom's challenge of not having her glorious lorha and sil has left her with no other option-  she decided to use a coffee grinder instead.  Brilliant. It grinds the coconut into such a fine texture and cuts a whole lot of time.  She also uses a pureed onion and garlic seasoning to help achieve that paste-like texture.  Once the choka is done and mixed up with the dhal and rice, you won't even be able tell the difference in which method was used.  

This recipe calls for 2 coconuts. It will make a lot of choka.  If you are a family of four, I would say one coconut should suffice. 


Crack coconut in half. Using a thick knife, remove flesh from its shell.

Chop into large pieces.  Roast over an open fire.

Continue to roast on both sides, until you see black patches.






Scrape the burnt layer off of the coconut. Wipe with a damp towel. 

Chop coconut into 2 inch pieces. Place in coffee grinder and pulse until coconut has fine, coffee-like granules. 


In order for the coconut choka to have a similar texture to that of using a lorha and sil, the ingredients must be blended or pureed.  I always have a batch of this seasoning in my refrigerator. I use it to season meat, fish, and rice, among many other things. It's simply one large yellow onion, one head of garlic, peeled, 2-3 wiri wiri peppers (you can use scotch bonnets or red chili peppers), and fresh thyme leaves. Blend with 1/4 cup of water to make the puree.  Store in an air-tight glass jar. 

Add salt, 4 tbsp of the onion/garlic seasoning, hot pepper sauce, and freshly chopped wiri wiri pepper, if desired.

Get your hands in there and mix it up!

To check if choka has the right texture, press down into a bowl, it should keep its shape. This is how you know it is moist enough.

Serve with dhal and rice, then watch a good movie.




Coconut Choka 
Serves 6-8

Ingredients

Onion/garlic seasoning
  • one large yellow onion
  • one head of garlic
  • 2-3 wiri wiri pepper or scotch bonnet
  • thyme leaves
  • 1/4 cup water
Choka
  • 2 coconuts 
  • 4 tbsp pureed onion/garlic seasoning
  • 2 tsp hot pepper sauce
  • 2 wiri wiri pepper chopped finely
  • 1 tsp salt
*Coffee grinder needed

Directions
  1. Break coconut in half. Drain water. Remove coconut flesh from shell. Chop into large pieces. 
  2. Roast coconut until edges and back are dark brown/black. Let cool. 
  3. Scrape off burnt pieces as much as you can. Wipe with a damp paper towel. 
  4. Chop into 2-inch pieces and grind using a coffee grinder. Empty into a large mixing bowl.
  5. Puree onion, garlic, pepper, thyme leaves, and water using a blender. Use 4 tbsp of the mixture and add to ground coconut.  Refrigerate remaining seasoning for another use. 
  6. Add salt and freshly chopped pepper, mix thoroughly with hands.
  7. Adjust salt and pepper to suit your tastes.  
  8. Press mixture down into a bowl, mixture should be moist enough to keep its shape.
Notes:
  • This recipe makes a lot of choka, if you are a family of four, I'd recommend using one coconut. 
  • Garlic and pepper needs to be blended and smooth to achieve a similar texture from using a lorha and sil.
  • A food processor won't work here, it cannot get the coconut down to a fine enough granule. 
  • Coconut can be roasted in the oven using your broiler. Turn off your smoke alarm, because it will get smokey in your house! 
  • A juicer can be used to make this dish as well.  Once the coconut is separated from its juice, add the juice back to the shredded coconut.  Proceed as normal with seasoning. 

10 comments:

  1. Thank you Alicia! I've been looking for a recipe for coconut choka forever. Yummy!

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  2. Thank you Alicia! I've been looking for a recipe for coconut choka in forever that didnt involve the masala brick. Yummy!

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  3. Drooling here man! Now I am going to have to make some next week :)

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  4. Thanks for this recipe. I was just talking about trying to make this at home. The last time I had it was in Guyana when I went for vacation four years ago.

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  5. Well written with a Guyanese flavor all over. A getting out the coffee grinder

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  6. Thanks for this, i have been trying for the longest while trying to get that smooth texture, Coffee Grinder is the answer.

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  7. Ooooh. You have made my day. The last time I had this was in 2006 on a visit to Guyana. I've been back home several times since but unable to find anyone that makes it. So with this recipe and method...I will try it on my own. I cant' wait to try this with my family. Looks sooooo good.

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  8. Oh thank you so much,very helpful.

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  9. You will still end up with brick in your food with a lorha and sil from Guyana. Ever noticed how worn they get from years of use?

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  10. Hi I am considering commercializing coconut choka. Don't be too concerned about consuming tiny particles of sil and lorha, it will not be used.

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